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About Project

Enhancing Chemical Security for the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Region Development of Chemical Safety and Security Confidence Building Measures for the Middle East

1. Background

Chemical Weapons (CW) proliferation and terrorism pose a grave threat to international peace and security. They undermine the rule of law, respect for human rights, protection of civilians, tolerance among people and nations and the peaceful resolution of conflicts.

Misuse of toxic chemicals and chemical terrorism poses a grave threat to international peace and security, especially in the Middle East, where it was recently confirmed use of industrial chemicals as chemical weapons in Syria and as means of terror in other countries, including Iraq. It poses a fundamental challenge to the international community and security and the development of the region.

Experience has shown that no country or industry is immune to terrorism, and that no country or industry can effectively deal with proliferation or terrorism alone. Therefore, cooperation between all the related stakeholders including the governments, the industries, scientific institutions, and international partners with an increased role played by the industries providing protective solutions and know-how, are important element to the efforts to address this global threat.

Jordan, being under continued chemical threat, has developed relevant experience in mitigating these threats of chemical weapons. Jordan has introduced effective international cooperation in these regards.

Although Jordan develops CBRN management security activities within the frameworks of national, bilateral and international projects, those efforts may occur not comprehensive due to a multi-faceted and multi stakeholder nature of chemical security threats.

The proposed project offers an active approach to identify chemical security gaps or areas of improvement in the Middle East and North African Region. The project will develop a set of confidence chemical security building measures in Jordan to be promoted in the region among all the stakeholders to ensure that toxic chemicals are used only for peaceful purposes.

In order to move forward with the project, ICCSS and international stakeholders have assisted the Jordan stakeholders to identify and carry out a gap analysis as well as identify the priority areas that need to be addressed. The aim was to give through the gap analysis an overview of the state of the chemical sector, identify the most pressing problems and give recommendations for future implementation as well as build a possible future roadmap in a form of chemical safety and security confidence building measures for the Middle East.

The leading activities within the project included 2 chemical security seminars in Warsaw, Poland, on 19-23 September, 2018, and in Amman, Jordan on 09-11.04.2019. Both Seminars were accompanied by series of trainings.

The project has been conducted as a public-private initiative, with a broad international support and with the following core international stakeholders: International Centre for Chemical Safety and Security (ICCSS) in Warsaw, Poland, as the initiator and the international coordinator of the project, Jordan Armed Forces (JAF) as leading partner in Jordan.

The project outcomes are planned to be implemented in the Middle East and North African Region. The Jordan Chemical Security Project is a unique initiative to provide continuity to the international efforts to reduce the threat from chemical weapons /CW/ and mitigating proliferation risk of CW materials and expertise.

The project is an element of the global process on chemical safety and security – CHEMSS (www.chemss2017.org), led by the ICCSS as a global gathering of leaders and practitioners on chemical and environmental safety and security.

The core principle of the project development and implementation chemical safety and security in Jordan is to concentrate on the national and regional prevention and preparedness against chemical threats. The leading approach is to implement the whole-society approach which enable to engage all the relevant Jordan stakeholders in the process of enhancing chemical security in Jordan. The project implementation will ensure sustainability and continuity of efforts to enhance and develop chemical security by the national stakeholders.

about project

2. Towards Project Implementation

The overall and far-fetched goal of the project is to develop and sustain a programme on chemical safety and security in chemical and energy carriers activities in Jordan and the region of the Middle East. The advantage of this project is the introduction of a phased approach, from national through trans-national towards regional measures and co-operation.

The Jordan project includes three stages:

1) To assist Jordan to introduce sound national system potential for chemical safety and security to prevent, reduce and mitigate chemical threats; and to provide assistance in the development of Jordan as a regional training and exercises in chemical safety and security. The Jordan project will serve as a template for national chemical safety and security programs;

2) To assist countries of the region, based on Jordan template, to develop and introduce national potential for chemical security and to provide assistance in the implementation of international efforts to counter CW proliferation and terrorism and/or misuse of toxic chemicals

3) To develop a concept for chemical safety and security confidence building measures for the Middle East, as a foundation for enhancing chemical safety and security culture in the whole chain of activities in chemical and energy carrier activities, including development, production, transportation, transit, storage, use and disposal of chemicals. The highest priority is the raising regional chemical security awareness.

The implementation of project responds to the urgency of the situation and the need to develop and introduce effective national measures and promote regional cooperation to reduce chemical threats and support peaceful uses of chemistry and the implementation of all the relevant treaties and conventions, including Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), UNSCR 1540 (2004), Chemical Conventions, World Health Regulations and industry measures.

The successful implementation of the project opens new opportunities for cooperation with partners from Jordan and the Middle East to in economy, science and academia, with an emphasis on industry cooperation and

3. The Process - Deliverables and Project Achievements

The project had the following stages:

1) Study visits to Amman; gathering, motivating and training the team of Jordanian stakeholders
2) Gathering international stakeholders to the project
3) Warsaw-Amman International Seminar in Warsaw – 19-21 September, 2018
4) Preparation and writing of the document on chemical security gaps and chemical security confidence building measures in the Middle East
5) Amman-Warsaw- International Seminar in Amman – 09-11.04.2019
6) GAP ANALYSIS - Preparation and writing of the document chemical security confidence building measures in the Middle East and draft road map on chemical safety and security in the Middle East.
7) Training Framework For Chemical Security at The Joint CBRN Training Facility In Amman
8) TABLE-TOP EXERCISE (TTX) - Enhancing Secure Movement Of Chemicals Through Borders Among The Middle East Countries
9) ROADMAP - towards chemical safety and security in the middle east for years 2019 – 2020;
10) Chemical Safety And Security Confidence Building Measures For The Middle East

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The project is funded through the 2018 grant
of the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)